Listing of some historical events that occured on October 8.
The Great Chicago Fire (Sunday, October 8, 1871)
No one knows how the fire started in the cowbarn at the rear of the Patrick O'Leary cottage at 137 DeKoven Street on Chicago's West Side. A report on the cause may be found in CPL's Deaths, Disturbances, Disasters and Disorders in Chicago Selected Bibliography.
The blaze began about 9 p.m. on Sunday, October 8, 1871. By midnight the fire had jumped the river's south branch and by 1:30 a.m., the business district was in flames. Shortly thereafter the fire raced northward across the main river.
The waterworks were evacuated although the tower was not badly damaged and still stands. During Monday the fire burned as far as Fullerton Avenue. Rainfall which started about midnight helped put out the last of the flames. 300 Chicagoans were dead, 90,000 homeless, and the property loss was $200 million.
Chicago quickly rebuilt and by 1875 little evidence of the disaster remained. The 100th anniversary of the fire was commemorated during the period October 3-10, 1971, with a series of events including a fire centennial dinner during which the Mayor expressed thanks to cities and countries that sent money after the fire. Other events were a fire prevention parade on State Street and an enormous lakefront fireworks display.
Source : Chicago Public Library
This Day in Rock & Roll History
- Ramones guitarist Johnny Ramone is born.
- Jerry Lee Lewis records his classic "Great Balls Of Fire".
- The U.S. Government officially declares the psychedelic drug LSD, also known as acid, to be a dangerous and illegal substance.
- Cass Elliot debuts as a solo act at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas. She cancels her two week gig when opening night proves to be a fiasco. She has tonsilitis and her band has not rehearsed enough.
- John Lennon records "Imagine".
- Dionne Warwick, one of the biggest hitmakers of the sixties has a dry spell for several years before the Number One, "Then Came You," recorded with the Spinners. It's the first Number One of her career.
- Billy Joel's is breakthrough album, The Stranger, enters the Billboard album chart.
- Warner Bros. Records rush releases Fleetwood Mac's "Tusk" album weeks ahead of schedule when tracks begin mysteriously popping up on radio stations.
- Reggae giant Bob Marley collapses onstage during a Wailers concert in Pittsburgh -- the last one he will ever perform. He is flown directly to Sloan-Kettering Hospital in New York City, where spokesmen will deny that Marley is dying of a brain tumor or cancer. Marley will then fly to Ethiopia to rest and will later turn up at a German disease-treatment center. Marley will die of brain tumor in May 1981, enroute to Jamaica.
- The Police's "King Of Pain" peaks at #3 on the chart.
- Chuck Berry is awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. His film biography, "Hail, Hail Rock & Roll" premiers that night.
- Keith Richards is the musical guest on "Saturday Night Live".
- Pink Floyd's "Dark Side Of The Moon" finally falls off the Billboard 200 Album Chart after a record 741 weeks.
- Cheap Trick's "Don't Be Cruel" peaks at #4 on the pop singles chart.
- The U.S. Postal Service announces a commemorative stamp booklet that includes rock legends Bill Haley, Buddy Holly, Elvis Presley and Ritchie Valens plus R&B stars Clyde McPhatter, Otis Redding and Dinah Washington.
- "A Tribute To Elvis" airs on pay-per-view. Artists performing include Chris Isaak, Cheap Trick, Iggy Pop, U2, Melissa Etheridge and Tony Bennett.
- The Council of Chalcedon opened, near Constantinople. Dealing mainly with the Eutychian Christological heresy, the council created a confession of faith which has ever since been regarded as the highest word in Early Christian orthodoxy.
- The American branch of Overseas Missionary Fellowship was chartered. Founded as the China Inland Mission in 1865 by missionary pioneer J. Hudson Taylor, OMF adopted its present name at its centenniel celebration in 1965.
- New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary was chartered in New Orleans by P. I. Lipsey. The school opened for its first classes in September 1918.
- In New York City, the National Lutheran Conference banned the playing of jazz music in the local churches.
- The first North American Congress on the Holy Spirit and World Evangelization opened in New Orleans. It drew 7,000 leaders from 40 denominations, and stressed the part which the charismatic experience plays in evangelization.
Other Historical Headlines
The supernova called "Kepler's nova" is 1st sighted
Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
2 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
1st eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
1st Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
Telegraph line between LA & SF opens
Battle of Perryville, KY-Confederate invasion halted
Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
Start of the Sherlock Holmes adventure "The Noble Bachelor" (BG)
Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
Dow Jones starts reporting an average of industrial stocks
1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY)
Karl Nessler demonstrates 1st 'permanent wave' for hair, in London
Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
1st Balkan War begins
Phillies win their 1st & only World Series (World Series #12) game before 1980, beating Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally
Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
NY Giants beat Yankees, 4 games to 0, with a tie in 19th World Series
NY Yankees sweep Pirates in 24th World Series
Eastern Soccer League forms in US
Phila A's beat St Louis Cards, 4 games to 2 in 27th World Series
Coit Tower dedicated in SF, a monument to firefighters
Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Lindbergh's son
Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet)
Germany annexes Western Poland
NY Yankees sweep Reds in 36th World Series, 4th straight WS win
Cin Reds beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3, in 37th World Series
"Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet" debut on CBS radio
Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain & Canada
Ford C Frick replaces Happy Chandler as 3rd commissioner of baseball
Warren C Giles becomes president of baseball's National League
2 trains collide with a derailed commuter train, kills 112 (England)
Worlds most powerful aircraft carrier, Saratoga (US), launched
Don Larsen, NY, pitches only perfect world series game, vs Brooklyn (World Series #53)
Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series
Bobby Richarson hits a world series grand slammer (World Series #57)
Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN
N Korea reports 100% election turnout, 100% vote for Workers' Party
Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
Gilroy Roberts becomes 1st US chief engraver to retire (than die)
Ringo Starr takes & passes his driving test
Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52)
Soviet author Alexander I Solzhenitsyn awarded Nobel Prize for Lit
Largest baseball crowd in Penns, 64,924 see Dodgers beat Phillies 4-1 in 4th NL championship game (Dodgers win pennant)
Ken Warby set the world water speed record at 319.627 mph
Kenneth Warby sets world speed record on water (514 kph)
Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City
USAC appeals panel restores disputed Indy 500 victory to Al Unser
Pres Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford & Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral
NJ Devils 1st victory, beating NY Rangers 3-2 at the Meadowlands
Poland bans Solidarity
1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
Washington Capitals 1st NHL overtime game losing to NY Islanders 8-7
Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0
Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
US doctors Joseph E Murray & E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize
Birthdates which occurred on October 8.
J Frank Duryea inventor (1st auto built & operated in the US)
John Cowper Powys British writer (Wood & Stone)
Ejnar Hertzsprung Denmark, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
Eddie Rickenbacker aviator "Ace of Aces" (WW I)
Juan Perón Argentine Pres (1946-55, 1973-74)
King Zog I of Albania (1928-1939)
Rouben Mamoulian movie director/author (Mark of Zorro, Applause)
Michael Dudikoff Redondo Beach Calif, actor (Star of the Family)
Roger Wilson New Orleans LA, actor (Daniel-7 Brides for 7 Brothers)
Lina Radke Germany, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1928)
Bill Hewitt NFL end (Chicago Bears, Phila Eagles)
Walter Schumann NYC, choral director (Ford Show)/composer (Rhenish)
Spark Matsunaga (D-Ha-Sen)
Danny Murtaugh baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates)
Frank Herbert sci-fi writer (Dune)
Maxie Herber Germany, figure skater pairs (Olympic-gold-1936)
Ron Randell Sydney Australia, actor (Loves of Carmen, I am a Camera)
Arkady Vorobyev Middle heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1956, 60)
Gigi Durston Balt Md, singer (Sonny Kendis Show)
Torbj°rn Falkanger Norway, took Olympic oath (1952)
James Olsen actor (Andromeda Strain, The Spell)
Toru Takemitsu Tokyo Japan, composer (Ki No Kyoko)
J Carter Brown Providence RI, art director (Wash National Gallery)
David Carradine Hollywood, actor (Kung-Fu, Boxcar Bertha, Young Guns)
Rona Barrett NYC, gossip columnist (Tomorrow Show)
Penny Pitou US, skier (Olympic-2 silvers-1960)
Paul Hogan Australia, actor (Crocodile Dundee)
Jesse Jackson (D) clergyman/presidential candidate
Chevy Chase NYC, comedian/actor (SNL, Vacation, Fletch, Caddyshack)
Aleksandr Gorshlov ice dancer (holds 6 titles)
Sarah Purcell Richmond Ind, actress/TV hostess (Real People)
Sigourney [Susan Alexandra] Weaver LA, actress (Alien, Working Girl)
Robert "Kool" Bell rocker (Kool & the Gang-Joanna)
Johnny Ramone LI, rock guitarist (Road to Ruin)
Bill Elliott auto racer (Daytona-1978)
Scott Michael Pellaton barefoot water ski champ
Stephanie Zimbalist NYC, actress (Remington Steele, Centennial)
James DePaiva actor (Max-One Life to Live)
Tony Eason football quarterback (New England Patriots)
[Gregory] Chad Petree Shawne Okla, rocker (PC Quest-Can You See)
Deaths which occurred on October 8.
Franklin Pierce 14th president of US, dies in Concord, NH
Wendell Lewis Willkie Republican politician, dies
Dr Charles Hodge NYU professor (Answers for Americans), dies at 69
Eduardo Ciannelli actor (Waldo-Johnny Staccato), dies at 81
Karl Swenson actor (Lara-Little House on the Prairie), dies at 70
Fernando Lamas actor/director, dies at 67 of cancer
Joan Hackett actress, dies of cancer at 49
Frederick Brisson producer, dies at 71 after a stroke
Leon Klinghoffer hijackers of Achille Lauro, throw him off the boat
Random Midnight Choir Quote
: Bible by his side. (October 8
- Amsterdam Stranded