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Listing of some historical events that occured on October 8.

The Great Chicago Fire (Sunday, October 8, 1871)
No one knows how the fire started in the cowbarn at the rear of the Patrick O'Leary cottage at 137 DeKoven Street on Chicago's West Side. A report on the cause may be found in CPL's Deaths, Disturbances, Disasters and Disorders in Chicago Selected Bibliography.

The blaze began about 9 p.m. on Sunday, October 8, 1871. By midnight the fire had jumped the river's south branch and by 1:30 a.m., the business district was in flames. Shortly thereafter the fire raced northward across the main river.

The waterworks were evacuated although the tower was not badly damaged and still stands. During Monday the fire burned as far as Fullerton Avenue. Rainfall which started about midnight helped put out the last of the flames. 300 Chicagoans were dead, 90,000 homeless, and the property loss was $200 million.

Chicago quickly rebuilt and by 1875 little evidence of the disaster remained. The 100th anniversary of the fire was commemorated during the period October 3-10, 1971, with a series of events including a fire centennial dinner during which the Mayor expressed thanks to cities and countries that sent money after the fire. Other events were a fire prevention parade on State Street and an enormous lakefront fireworks display.

Source : Chicago Public Library



This Day in Rock & Roll History
1951 - Ramones guitarist Johnny Ramone is born.
1957 - Jerry Lee Lewis records his classic "Great Balls Of Fire".
1966 - The U.S. Government officially declares the psychedelic drug LSD, also known as acid, to be a dangerous and illegal substance.
1968 - Cass Elliot debuts as a solo act at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas. She cancels her two week gig when opening night proves to be a fiasco. She has tonsilitis and her band has not rehearsed enough.
1971 - John Lennon records "Imagine".
1974 - Dionne Warwick, one of the biggest hitmakers of the sixties has a dry spell for several years before the Number One, "Then Came You," recorded with the Spinners. It's the first Number One of her career.
1977 - Billy Joel's is breakthrough album, The Stranger, enters the Billboard album chart.
1979 - Warner Bros. Records rush releases Fleetwood Mac's "Tusk" album weeks ahead of schedule when tracks begin mysteriously popping up on radio stations.
1980 - Reggae giant Bob Marley collapses onstage during a Wailers concert in Pittsburgh -- the last one he will ever perform. He is flown directly to Sloan-Kettering Hospital in New York City, where spokesmen will deny that Marley is dying of a brain tumor or cancer. Marley will then fly to Ethiopia to rest and will later turn up at a German disease-treatment center. Marley will die of brain tumor in May 1981, enroute to Jamaica.
1983 - The Police's "King Of Pain" peaks at #3 on the chart.
1987 - Chuck Berry is awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. His film biography, "Hail, Hail Rock & Roll" premiers that night.
1988 - Keith Richards is the musical guest on "Saturday Night Live".
1988 - Pink Floyd's "Dark Side Of The Moon" finally falls off the Billboard 200 Album Chart after a record 741 weeks.
1988 - Cheap Trick's "Don't Be Cruel" peaks at #4 on the pop singles chart.
1992 - The U.S. Postal Service announces a commemorative stamp booklet that includes rock legends Bill Haley, Buddy Holly, Elvis Presley and Ritchie Valens plus R&B stars Clyde McPhatter, Otis Redding and Dinah Washington.
1994 - "A Tribute To Elvis" airs on pay-per-view. Artists performing include Chris Isaak, Cheap Trick, Iggy Pop, U2, Melissa Etheridge and Tony Bennett.




Religious History
451 - The Council of Chalcedon opened, near Constantinople. Dealing mainly with the Eutychian Christological heresy, the council created a confession of faith which has ever since been regarded as the highest word in Early Christian orthodoxy.
1901 - The American branch of Overseas Missionary Fellowship was chartered. Founded as the China Inland Mission in 1865 by missionary pioneer J. Hudson Taylor, OMF adopted its present name at its centenniel celebration in 1965.
1917 - New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary was chartered in New Orleans by P. I. Lipsey. The school opened for its first classes in September 1918.
1924 - In New York City, the National Lutheran Conference banned the playing of jazz music in the local churches.
1986 - The first North American Congress on the Holy Spirit and World Evangelization opened in New Orleans. It drew 7,000 leaders from 40 denominations, and stressed the part which the charismatic experience plays in evangelization.




Other Historical Headlines
1604 The supernova called "Kepler's nova" is 1st sighted
1775 Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
1818 2 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
1822 1st eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
1840 1st Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
1860 Telegraph line between LA & SF opens
1862 Battle of Perryville, KY-Confederate invasion halted
1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
1886 Start of the Sherlock Holmes adventure "The Noble Bachelor" (BG)
1887 Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
1896 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of industrial stocks
1904 1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY)
1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates 1st 'permanent wave' for hair, in London
1909 Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
1912 1st Balkan War begins
1915 Phillies win their 1st & only World Series (World Series #12) game before 1980, beating Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally
1918 Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
1922 NY Giants beat Yankees, 4 games to 0, with a tie in 19th World Series
1927 NY Yankees sweep Pirates in 24th World Series
1928 Eastern Soccer League forms in US
1930 Phila A's beat St Louis Cards, 4 games to 2 in 27th World Series
1933 Coit Tower dedicated in SF, a monument to firefighters
1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Lindbergh's son
1935 Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet)
1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
1939 NY Yankees sweep Reds in 36th World Series, 4th straight WS win
1940 Cin Reds beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3, in 37th World Series
1944 "Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet" debut on CBS radio
1945 Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain & Canada
1951 Ford C Frick replaces Happy Chandler as 3rd commissioner of baseball
1951 Warren C Giles becomes president of baseball's National League
1952 2 trains collide with a derailed commuter train, kills 112 (England)
1955 Worlds most powerful aircraft carrier, Saratoga (US), launched
1956 Don Larsen, NY, pitches only perfect world series game, vs Brooklyn (World Series #53)
1957 Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
1957 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
1959 LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series
1960 Bobby Richarson hits a world series grand slammer (World Series #57)
1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN
1962 N Korea reports 100% election turnout, 100% vote for Workers' Party
1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
1964 Gilroy Roberts becomes 1st US chief engraver to retire (than die)
1964 Ringo Starr takes & passes his driving test
1966 Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52)
1970 Soviet author Alexander I Solzhenitsyn awarded Nobel Prize for Lit
1977 Largest baseball crowd in Penns, 64,924 see Dodgers beat Phillies 4-1 in 4th NL championship game (Dodgers win pennant)
1978 Ken Warby set the world water speed record at 319.627 mph
1978 Kenneth Warby sets world speed record on water (514 kph)
1978 Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City
1981 USAC appeals panel restores disputed Indy 500 victory to Al Unser
1981 Pres Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford & Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral
1982 NJ Devils 1st victory, beating NY Rangers 3-2 at the Meadowlands
1982 Poland bans Solidarity
1983 1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
1983 Washington Capitals 1st NHL overtime game losing to NY Islanders 8-7
1986 Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0
1988 Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
1990 Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
1990 US doctors Joseph E Murray & E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize




Birthdates which occurred on October 8.
1869 J Frank Duryea inventor (1st auto built & operated in the US)
1872 John Cowper Powys British writer (Wood & Stone)
1873 Ejnar Hertzsprung Denmark, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
1890 Eddie Rickenbacker aviator "Ace of Aces" (WW I)
1895 Juan Perón Argentine Pres (1946-55, 1973-74)
1895 King Zog I of Albania (1928-1939)
1897 Rouben Mamoulian movie director/author (Mark of Zorro, Applause)
19-- Michael Dudikoff Redondo Beach Calif, actor (Star of the Family)
19-- Roger Wilson New Orleans LA, actor (Daniel-7 Brides for 7 Brothers)
1903 Lina Radke Germany, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1928)
1909 Bill Hewitt NFL end (Chicago Bears, Phila Eagles)
1913 Walter Schumann NYC, choral director (Ford Show)/composer (Rhenish)
1916 Spark Matsunaga (D-Ha-Sen)
1917 Danny Murtaugh baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1920 Frank Herbert sci-fi writer (Dune)
1920 Maxie Herber Germany, figure skater pairs (Olympic-gold-1936)
1920 Ron Randell Sydney Australia, actor (Loves of Carmen, I am a Camera)
1924 Arkady Vorobyev Middle heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1956, 60)
1927 Gigi Durston Balt Md, singer (Sonny Kendis Show)
1927 Torbj°rn Falkanger Norway, took Olympic oath (1952)
1930 James Olsen actor (Andromeda Strain, The Spell)
1930 Toru Takemitsu Tokyo Japan, composer (Ki No Kyoko)
1934 J Carter Brown Providence RI, art director (Wash National Gallery)
1936 David Carradine Hollywood, actor (Kung-Fu, Boxcar Bertha, Young Guns)
1936 Rona Barrett NYC, gossip columnist (Tomorrow Show)
1938 Penny Pitou US, skier (Olympic-2 silvers-1960)
1939 Paul Hogan Australia, actor (Crocodile Dundee)
1941 Jesse Jackson (D) clergyman/presidential candidate
1943 Chevy Chase NYC, comedian/actor (SNL, Vacation, Fletch, Caddyshack)
1946 Aleksandr Gorshlov ice dancer (holds 6 titles)
1948 Sarah Purcell Richmond Ind, actress/TV hostess (Real People)
1949 Sigourney [Susan Alexandra] Weaver LA, actress (Alien, Working Girl)
1950 Robert "Kool" Bell rocker (Kool & the Gang-Joanna)
1951 Johnny Ramone LI, rock guitarist (Road to Ruin)
1955 Bill Elliott auto racer (Daytona-1978)
1956 Scott Michael Pellaton barefoot water ski champ
1956 Stephanie Zimbalist NYC, actress (Remington Steele, Centennial)
1957 James DePaiva actor (Max-One Life to Live)
1959 Tony Eason football quarterback (New England Patriots)
1979 [Gregory] Chad Petree Shawne Okla, rocker (PC Quest-Can You See)




Deaths which occurred on October 8.
1869 Franklin Pierce 14th president of US, dies in Concord, NH
1944 Wendell Lewis Willkie Republican politician, dies
1964 Dr Charles Hodge NYU professor (Answers for Americans), dies at 69
1969 Eduardo Ciannelli actor (Waldo-Johnny Staccato), dies at 81
1978 Karl Swenson actor (Lara-Little House on the Prairie), dies at 70
1982 Fernando Lamas actor/director, dies at 67 of cancer
1983 Joan Hackett actress, dies of cancer at 49
1984 Frederick Brisson producer, dies at 71 after a stroke
1985 Leon Klinghoffer hijackers of Achille Lauro, throw him off the boat




Random Midnight Choir Quote: They've been digging a hole in the water for me and you. (Will You Carry Me Across The Water? - Waiting For The Bricks To Fall)